3. Building systems: the automated way (easy)

Building and testing your own systems based on haskus-system requires quite a few steps: configuring and building a Linux kernel, etc.

Hopefully we have built a tool called haskus-system-build that performs all these steps automatically (details are explained in the next chapter if you want to understand how it works).

Prerequisite: you need to have Stack and git installed.

3.1. Installing haskus-system-build

The tool is distributed in the haskus-system-build package. To install the latest version, use:

> git clone https://github.com/haskus/haskus-system-build.git
> cd haskus-system-build
> stack install --install-ghc

It will install the program into ~/.local/bin. Be sure to add this path to your $PATH environment variable.

3.2. Getting started

To start a new project, enter a new directory and uses the init command:

> mkdir my-project
> cd my-project
> haskus-system-build init

It downloads the default system template into the current directory. It is composed of 4 files:

> find . -type f
./stack.yaml
./src/Main.hs
./my-system.cabal
./system.yaml
  • src/Main.hs is the system code
  • my-system.cabal is the package configuration file that has been tweaked to build valid executables (use static linking, etc.)
  • stack.yaml is Stack configuration file with the required dependencies on Haskus packages
  • system.yaml is the haskus-system-build configuration file. Let’s look into it:
linux:
   source: tarball
   version: 4.11.3
   options:
      enable:
         - CONFIG_DRM_BOCHS
         - CONFIG_DRM_RADEON
         - CONFIG_DRM_NOUVEAU
         - CONFIG_DRM_VIRTIO
      disable:
         - VIRTIO_BALLOON
   make-args: "-j8"

ramdisk:
   init: my-system

qemu:
   # Select a set of options for QEMU:
   #  "default": enable recommended options
   #  "vanilla": only use required settings to make tests work
   profile: vanilla
   options: ""
   kernel-args: ""

As you can see, it contains a Linux kernel configuration, a reference to our system as being the ramdisk “init” program and some QEMU configuration.

3.3. Building and Testing

You need to have some programs installed before we continue:

  • everything required to build Linux: make, gcc, binutils…
  • (un)packing tools: lzip, gzip, tar, cpio
  • QEMU
  • stack

Now let’s try our system with QEMU!

> haskus-system-build test

On the first execution, this command downloads and builds everything required to test the system so it can take quite some time. Then QEMU’s window should pop up with our system running in it.

On following executions building is much faster because the tool reuses previously built artefacts if the configuration hasn’t changed.

3.4. Distributing and testing on real computers

If you want to distribute your system, the easiest way is to install it on an empty storage device (e.g., usb stick).

Warning: data on the device will be lost! Don’t do that if you don’t know what you are doing!

To install your system on the device whose device file is /dev/sde:

> haskus-system-build make-device --device /dev/sde

Note that you have to be in the sudoers list.

ISO image

Another distribution method is to create an ISO image that you can distribute online or burn on CD/DVD.

> haskus-system-build make-iso
...
ISO image: .system-work/iso/my-system.iso

Note that you can test the ISO image with QEMU before you ship it:

> haskus-system-build test-iso

This allows you to test the boot-loader configuration.